"What is to be Done?" is the title of at least two pre-Communist treatises, one written by Nikolai Chernyshevksy in 1861 (while in prison in St. Petersburg), which called on the working classes of Russia to unite under a vanguard party, and another, written by Vladimir Lenin, which claimed that this would lead to worker-led 'trade-unionism' and not allow the intellectuals to create a Workers' Revolution based on intellectual scientific principals.
It's nice to know even the Communists hated trade unions.
In the early 1990s, the US led Poland through economic 'shock therapy,' which allowed individuals to buy shares of the state-owned companies that employed them. It worked, and Poland transitioned quickly with many bumps into a dynamic capitalist society. It helped that they had been capitalist and democratic before WWII and the subsequent occupation by the USSR until 1989.
Tweet to @Mr_UNZ
You must be logged into facebook to view this content